Session Title: Research Spotlight: Musculoskeletal and Sports Medicine
Session Time: 11:00am-11:45am
Location: Research Hub - Live Theater
Disclosures: Andrea E. Dockry, MD: Nothing to disclose
Objective: Tendon scraping (TS) is a minimally invasive procedure to accelerate pain relief caused by tendinosis. The original description uses color Doppler (CD) to identify the region with increased blood flow but does not comment on how CD changes during TS. Others propose that TS is complete when Doppler flow is absent. This case series reports changes in CD during TS to better inform technical understanding of this procedure.
Design: Case series
Setting: Sports Medicine Clinic
Participants: Six patients with 5 cases of Achilles and 1 case of patellar tendinosis.
Interventions: Ultrasound identified diseased tendon, and all patients had increased CD prior to the procedure. A 25-gauge 1.5-inch needle was advanced from lateral to medial to the tendon-fat pad interface. Doppler was left on during anesthetic administration. A stab incision was made with an 11 blade scalpel. A 14-gauge 2-inch needle was then advanced under ultrasound guidance in identical fashion. The bevel was turned to make contact with the tendon surface. The fat pad was separated by pulling it away from the tendon in an anterior-posterior direction and then semi-circular, cranial-caudal sweeps were made to complete fat pad separation until the needle moved with unrestricted motion.
Main Outcome Measures: CD signal after injection of 1-3 mL of lidocaine.
Results: In all six patients, CD was absent immediately after injecting 1-3 mL of lidocaine. Though only 1 needle pass was made, CD was completely absent throughout the length of the tendon. No complications occurred.
Conclusions: CD is absent after a small injection of local anesthetic, demonstrating that CD cannot be used to determine procedure completion. CD is still a useful pre-procedure guide to identify the tendon region needing treatment, but it cannot be used as a marker of effective scraping / devascularization. A superior marker of procedure completion is freedom of needle motion demonstrating tendon separation from adjacent fat pad.
Level of Evidence: Level IV
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Dockry AE, Baria MR. Dynamic Changes of Doppler Signal During Tendon Scraping [abstract]. PM R. 2019; 11(S2)(suppl 2). https://pmrjabstracts.org/abstract/dynamic-changes-of-doppler-signal-during-tendon-scraping/. Accessed December 3, 2023.
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